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General Description
Soon after its birth in 1928, al Ikhwan al Muslimoon Organisation began to have several branches outside Egypt spreading its major islamic idea: Islam is “Creed and state, book and sword, and a way of life”. Its main characteristic is following the Salaf in respecting the Quran and the Sunna and rejecting any action or opinion which contradicts with them. The Muslim Brotherhood’s founder, Hassan al Banna considers Islamic Da’wa as “a Sufi reality, a charitable association, a social organization, a sport group, a scientific and cultural league, an economic institution, a political party…”
Al Ikwhwan al Muslimoon are working on these sides to reach their goals in building the Muslim individual, the Muslim family and the Muslim society, covering every part of life: religion, culture, politic, social, economic and physical health . . . By Achieving this a Muslim state can be built so the Khalifa will be based on unity between all Islamic states.
History
It is in Egypt that the first contemporary islamist movement grew up with the creation of al Ikhwan al Muslimoon Organisation, the Muslim Brotherhood in Mars 1928 by Hassan al Banna.
Its purpose was at the beginning to fight the british occupation and liberate the “Islamic Oumma” from the occidental colonialism, politically and economically in general, but particularly its social and cultural domination.
In 1948, under british pressure, the Egyptian Prime Minister Mahmoud Fahmi al Nakrashi ordered the dissolution of the Organization, accused of activism against the state’s security and stability.
On December 28, 1948, al Nokrashi was assassinated by a Muslim Brother. Two months later, the Muslim brotherhood’s leader Hassan al Banna was killed on February 12, 1949.
Under Nasser’s authority, the Organization was banned again and its members faced a hard repression. Torture and oppression of its leader in jail were the main reason that led to the birth of other islamist movement more extremist and radical.
As for Sadat then Mubarak, their policy swung between opening-up to the Organization for political reasons and forbidding it and repressing its dissidents.
Constitutional Framework
Committee of Party Affairs Shoura Council: law n°. 40 of 1977 regulating the formation of political parties.
Mode of Finance
According to officials, “the only accepted source of money to the Ikhwan is its members own money”.
(last updated: 27-January-2004)
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