The National Progressive Unionist Party, more known as Al Tagammu, was born as a result of a coalition between Nasserists, Communists and Arab Nationalists. Its platform was a mixture of Socialist, Marxist and Nasserist trends.
The party embraced the principles of the 1952 Revolution that defended national identity and independence from Imperialism and Zionism. This was translated into a hard opposition to both Camp David Treaty and American interference in Egypt’s internal affairs.
The party advocated the foundation of a society free of exploitation, oppression, corruption and injustice. It defended the economic and social planning adopted by the Nasserist program and opposed the open door policy led by Sadat. The party also called for the preserve of Egypt’s Arab identity and the struggle for Arab unity.
The collapse of the Soviet Union in 1998 had a severe impact on the party’s platform. The latter event forced the introduction of reforms during the fourth General Congress. These included a redefinition of socialism as “a renewable and sustained program to emancipate humanity comprehensively… the system most capable of managing society and economics and ensuring productivity and social justice”.
Al Tagammu was first established in 1975 as the left wing forum of the Arab Socialist Union, the nation’s sole political party at the time. After the dissolution of the latter, Al Tagammu was able to become a fully-fledged political party. It was founded on the 10th of April 1976 under the leadership of Khaled Moheiddine. Its members were a mixture of Communists, Nasserists and Arab Nationalists. It also regrouped members of illegal parties as the Egyptian Communist party and the Workers Party.
From its launch, the party adopted a hard-line becoming one of the main political opposition to President Sadat.
After the food riots in 1977, the government forbad any expenditure of its activities, closing its mouthpiece “Al Ahli” in 1978 after its 11th issues, 7 of which were confiscated.
Later, after Mubarak’s rise to power, the Party reconsidered its radical opposition to the government and started adopting a more moderate policy. This pragmatic reform marked an attempt of adopting a more realistic policy.
The party participated in the 2000’s elections after boycotting them in 1990 and contesting the 1995’s ones.
Committee of Party Affairs Shoura Council: law n°. 40 of 1977 regulating the formation of political parties.
Mode of Election
Moheiddine has been the chairman of the party since its birth in 1976. During the 4th general congress which took place on the 22nd and 23rd of July 1998, he was re-elected as chairman of the Tagammu.
However in an attempt to reform its internal structure, new amendments were adopted in the last congress interdicting any party member to hold the same post more than two consecutive rounds.
Mode of Finance
According to an official source, the party was founded from members’ contributions and donations “mainly from national capitalists who do not exploit the masses”.
(last updated: 26-October-2002)
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