The Constitution of The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
CHAPTER SIX The Judiciary
Article 97 Judges are independent, and in the exercise of their judicial functions they are subject to no authority other than that of the law.
Article 98 Judges of the Civil and Sharia Courts shall be appointed and dismissed by a Royal Decree in accordance with the provisions of the law.
Article 99 The courts shall be divided into three categories:
(i) Civil Courts
(ii) Religious Courts
(iii) Special Courts
Article 100 The establishment of the various courts, their categories, their divisions, their jurisdiction and their administration shall be by virtue of a special law, provided that such law provides for the establishment of a High Court of Justice.
Article 101 (i) The courts shall be open to all and shall be free from any interference in their affairs.
(ii) The sittings of the courts shall be public unless the court considers that it should sit in camera in the interest of public order or morals.
Article 110 Special Courts shall exercise their jurisdiction in accordance with the provisions of the laws constituting them.
(last updated: 08-December-2002)
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