PART SEVEN New Rulings CHAPTER I The Shoura Assembly* Article 194
The Shoura Assembly is concerned with the study and proposal of what it deems necessary to preserve the principles of the July 23, 1952 Revolution and the May 15, 1971 Revolution, to consolidate national unity and social peace, to protect the alliance of the working forces of the people and the socialist gains as well as the basic components of society, its supreme values, its rights and liberties and its public duties, and to entrench the democratic socialist system and widen its scope.
The Shoura Assembly shall be consulted in the following:
1- Proposals for the amendment for one or more articles of the Constitution.
2- Draft laws complementary to the Constitution.
3- Draft of the general plan for social and economic development.
4- Peace treaties, alliances and all treaties affecting the territorial integrity of the State or those concerning sovereignty rights.
5- Draft laws referred to the Assembly by the President of the Republic.
6- Whatever matters referred to the Assembly by the President of the Republic relative to the general policy of the State or its policy regarding Arab or foreign affairs.
The Assembly shall submit to the President of the Republic and the People′s Assembly its opinion such matters.
The Shoura Assembly shall be composed of a number of members defined by the law, not less than 132 members.
Two thirds of the members shall be elected by direct secret public balloting, half of whom at least must be workers and farmers.
The President of the Republic shall appoint the other third.
The law shall determine the electoral constituencies of the Shoura Assembly, the number of members in every constituency, and the necessary conditions stipulated in the elected or appointed members of the Shoura Assembly.
The term of membership of the Shoura Assembly is six years, whereas renewed election and appointment of 50% of the total number of members, whether elected or appointed, is every three years as defined by law.
It is always possible to re-elect or re-appoint those membership has expired.
The Shura Assembly shall elect a president and two vice presidents at its first ordinary annual session for a period of three years.
If one of these offices becomes vacant, the Assembly shall elect a successor for the rest of the term.
No member can hold office in both People′s Assembly and the Shura Assembly at one and the same time.
The Prime Minister and his deputies, the ministers and government officials shall not be held responsible to the Shura Assembly.
The president of the Republic has the right to make a statement upon the general policy of the State or upon any other matter before a joint meeting of the People′s Assembly and the Shura Assembly, headed by the Speaker of the People′s Assembly.
The President of the Republic has the right to make whatever statements he wishes before the Shoura Assembly.
The prime minister and the ministers and other government officials may make statements before the Shoura Assembly or before one of its committees upon a subject that comes within his competence.
The Prime Minister and his deputies and other government officials shall be heard by the Shura Assembly and its committees upon their request, and they may seek the assistance of any government official, as they see fit.
However, the vote of the minister or government official is not valid upon any count of votes unless he is a member.
The president of the Republic may not dissolve the Shura Assembly except when necessary, while such a decision should comprise a call to hold new elections for the Shura Assembly within a period of sixty days from the date of its dissolution.
The Assembly shall hold its first meeting ten days from the date of its election.
The following articles of the Constitution shall apply to the Shura Assembly:
(89, 90, 91, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 104, 105, 106, 107, 129, 130, 134), insofar as they are not incompatible with the stipulations cited in this part:
The Shura Assembly and its President shall exercise the competencies specified in the aforementioned articles.
Employees of the State and of the public sector nominate themselves for membership in the People′s Assembly.
The member of the people′s Assembly shall devote himself to membership in the Assembly except in cases specified by law.
His post or work shall be held over for him in accordance with the provisions of the law.
The member of the People′s Assembly shall take the following oath before the Assembly before entering upon his duties:
"I swear by God Almighty, that I shall preserve the safety of the nation and the Republican regime, shall attend to the interests of the people and shall respect the Constitution and law".
Members of the People′s Assembly shall receive a remuneration determined by the law.
The People′s Assembly shall be the only authority competent to decide upon the validity of its members.
A Court of Causation shall be competent to investigate the validity of contestation presented to the Assembly, on being referred to it by the President of the Assembly.
The contestation shall be referred to the Court of Cassation within fifteen days as from the date on which the Assembly was informed of it, while the investigation shall be completed within ninety days from the date on which the contestation is referred to the Court of Cassation.
The result of the investigation and the decision reached by the Court shall be submitted to the Assembly to decide upon the validity of the contestation within sixty days from the date of submission of the result of the investigation to the Assembly.
The membership will not be deemed invalid except by a decision taken by a majority of two-thirds of the Assembly members.
If the seat of a member becomes vacant before the end of his term, a successor shall be elected or appointed to it, within sixty days from the date of the communication to the Assembly of the occurrence of the vacancy.
The term of the new member shall extend until the end of the term of his predecessor.
No member of the People′s Assembly shall, during his mandate, purchase or rent any State property; or lease or sell to the State or barter with it regarding any part of his property, or conclude a contract with the State in his capacity as entrepreneur, importer or contractor.
No membership in the People′s Assembly shall be revoked except on the grounds of loss of confidence or status or of one of the conditions of membership, or the loss of the member′s status as a worker or farmer upon which he was elected or the violation of the member′s mandate.
The membership shall be deemed invalid on the grounds of a decision taken by a majority of two-thirds of the Assembly members.
The People′s Assembly alone may accept the resignation of its members .
Members of the People′s Assembly shall not be censured for any opinions or thoughts expressed by them in the performance of their tasks in the Assembly or its committees.
No member of the People′s Assembly shall be subject to a criminal prosecution without the permission of the Assembly except in cases of flagrant delicto.
If the Assembly is not in session, the permission of the President of the Assembly must be taken.
The Assembly must be notified of the measures taken in its first subsequent session.
The seat of the People′s Assembly shall be Cairo.
However, in exceptional circumstances, it may meet another city, at the request of the President of the Republic or the majority of the Assembly members.
Any meeting of the Assembly in other than its designated seat is illicit and the resolutions passed in it shall be considered invalid.
The President of the Republic shall convoke the People′s Assembly for its ordinary annual session before the second Thursday of November.
If it is not convoked, the Assembly shall meet, by force of the Constitution, on the said day.
The session of the ordinary meeting shall continue for at least seven months.
The President of the Republic may call the People′s Assembly to an extraordinary meeting, in case of necessity, or upon a request signed by a majority of the Assembly members.
The President of the Republic shall announce the dismissal of the extraordinary meeting.
The People′s assembly shall elect, in the first meeting of its ordinary annual session, a president and a vice-president for the term of the session.
If the seat of anyone of them is vacated, the Assembly shall elect a replacement, whose term will last until the end of his predecessors term.
The People′s Assembly shall lay down its own rules of procedure organising the manner of the fulfilment of its tasks.
The people′s Assembly alone shall be entitled to preserve order inside it.
The President of the Assembly shall be entrusted with this task.
The meetings of the People′s Assembly shall be public.
However, a meeting in camera may be held at the request of the president of the Republic or of the government or of its Prime Minister or at least twenty of its members.
The Assembly shall then decide whether the debate on the question submitted to it shall take place in a public meeting or in a meeting in camera.
The meeting of the Assembly shall be considered invalid if the majority of its members are not present.
The resolution of the Assembly shall be adopted by an absolute majority of the attending members, in cases other than those for which a specific majority is required.
Every article of the draft laws shall be put to a vote.
In case of a tie vote, the question on which the debate had taken place shall be rejected.
Any twenty members, at least, of the Peaple′s Assembly may ask for the discussion of a public question to ascertain the government′s policy regarding such a question.
The members of the peaple′s Assembly shall be entitled to express their opinions concerning public question before the Prime Minister or any of his deputies or of the Ministers.
The law shall organise the way of formation of the Supreme Constitutional Court, and prescribe the conditions required in its members, their rights and immunities.